You just went to the Google home page.
Simple, isn't it?
What just actually happened?
Well, when you know a bit of about how browsers work, it's not quite that simple. You've just put into play HTTP, HTML, CSS, ECMAscript, and more. Those are actually such incredibly complex technologies that they'll make any engineer dizzy if they think about them too much, and such that no single company can deal with that entire complexity.
It's hard to simplify how modern computers work. Sure, I could say something along the lines of “a computer consists of three components, memory, which stores a program and data, the CPU, which executes the program out of memory and input/output devices, like a keyboard, the monitor.” But while I'm not outright lying, I am grossly simplifying and skipping a lot of details (for instance, memory could be considered an input/output device, but it's treated differently than other input/output devices, except when it isn't).
Let's say you've just bought a MacBook Air, and your goal is to become master of the machine, to understand how it works on every level.
The total of all of this is 79 pages shy of eleven thousand. I neglected to include man pages for hundreds of system utilities and the Xcode documentation. And I didn't even touch upon the graphics knowhow needed to do anything interesting with OpenGL, or how to write good C and Objective-C or anything about object-oriented design, and …
And those 11,000 pages exclude documentation on the hardware. For comparison, the Color Computer (my first computer). The TRS-80 Color Computer Technical Reference Manual, which covers the hardware, is 69 pages; the technical reference for the MC6809 (the CPU) is 35 pages; the reference for the MC6821 (an I/O adaptor) is 11 pages; the reference for the MC6847 (the video graphics chip) is 26 pages, and the EDTASM+ manual (the assembler) is 68 pages.
So, in 209 pages, you will know enough to program the Color Computer (assuming you know how to program in assembly to begin with—else tack on another 294 pages for TRS-80 Color Computer Assembly Language Programming for a little over 500 pages).